• ISSN: 2155-7950
  • Journal of Business and Economics

Hofstede in Luxembourg


Ursula Schinzel
(United Business Institute, Luxembourg)
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to find out where Luxembourg fits in on Hofstede’s cultural dimensions — Individualism, Power Distance, Uncertainty Avoidance, Masculinity, Long-Term Orientation, Indulgence, and Monumentalism — in comparison with France and Germany. The design of the research is the replication of Hofstede’s study by using Hofstede’s methods: participant observation, interviews and original questionnaire, the values survey module VSM 2008 (Hofstede, 2008). Three hypotheses are offered. This is the first time Hofstede’s studies are replicated entirely in Luxembourg, providing 134 filled-in questionnaires and a full set of results for Hofstede’s cultural dimensions. The originality of this research lies in the separation into Lux.Nat. (Luxembourg with Luxembourgish nationality) and Luxembourg (including the foreigners), and the data found for Monumentalism. Implications of culture on practices, discussion and implications, future research and references follow.
Key words: international management; Hofstede; cultural dimensions; intercultural comparison; language as
identifier; Luxembourg
JEL code: F


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